Teachers and Teaching Assistants are constantly working with the children to extend their skills and help them to enjoy maths in a fun and practical way that will support them to become good mathematicians. Relating topics to the real world will help prepare children for later life and apply the essential maths skills that they need.
As a school we are striving to get rid of the fear factor and negative ‘stigma’ that comes with the subject. We want to create a positive mind set for all children, where there is an emphasis on praising effort, as well as talent. As parents you can help by sharing positive experiences with your children (as many or as little)! As a result, we will hopefully obtain plenty of confident, keen mathematicians who understand that it’s ok to get things wrong!
Our long term aim is for our children to be able to select an efficient method of their own choice. We as a pyramid (a group of local schools), have developed a calculation policy that builds up the children’s skills in addition, subtraction, multiplication and division (the four strands of calculation) in an effective and appropriate way, that is in line with the new National Curriculum.
Maths Key Stage 1
Knowing addition and subtraction facts within 20 is a vital life skill that children need to know, but also understand.
To begin with, children should experiment with each number individually and make it in as many different ways as possible. Doing this practically is a great way for children to make links with the numbers.
E.g. 6 = 1 + 5, 6 = 2 + 4, 6 = 3 + 3
Children should then use as many numbers as possible to make amounts. Eg. 3+1+2 = 6
Plenty of research from the around the world has shown that using a 10 frame significantly helps with children’s understanding of numbers within 20. It is a visual representation of the number sentence and really gives a purpose to number bonds and bridging through 10.
6 + 2 = 8 2 + 6 = 8 8 - 2 = 6 8 - 6 = 2
This next example shows bridging through 10. The children should use their number bonds to 10 knowledge to get to 10 and then add the difference.
E.g. 7 + 6 = 13
(7 + 3 = 10, then add 3 left from 6)
Once the children have a secure knowledge of numbers, they can begin to add and subtract greater amounts. Using a number line is affective, visual method which enables children to add or subtract accurately.
Next steps: move onto a blank number line
Partitioning: 44 + 23
Partitioning - counting on and then finding the difference between two numbers:
Attached to the bottom of this page are some resources that you can download and use with your children.
- ‘Strike it Out’ game will help with children’s mental addition and subtraction skills. You choose 2 numbers to add or subtract together and work out the answer and circle it. The next player has to start on that number, add or subtract another number that hasn’t been used and again circle the answer. You cannot use a number that has been crossed out. The winner is the person who was last to make a number sentence and an answer.
- Number line will help secure the children’s understanding of adding and subtracting using simple jumps as shown above.
- Ten Frame can also be used to ensure that your child has a secure understanding of basic addition and subtraction and apply their number bonds to 10 knowledge.
www.topmarks.co.uk – hit the button
www.topmarks.co.uk – speed challenge
Leap Frog Mental Maths Scheme
Leapfrog is a maths scheme designed to improve the mental recall of addition, subtraction and times table facts. It is a system which incorporates the whole of the school. The children start in year 1 and have a quiz each week until they leave us at the end of year 4. The children progress through the leapfrog, moving onto the next lily pad, by scoring 100% in 2 continuous weeks. For every test the children will have 3 minutes. The questions are not only specific to the lily pad they’re on - there will also be ones from previous lily pads to help prevent the children from forgetting them. Each child has a Leapfrog book to write their tables in the front to learn and record their test scores in the back, for parents to track their progress. Leapfrog is broken down into stages: frogspawn, tadpole, bronze, silver and gold. When the children reach each stage, they will receive a certificate to congratulate them on their progress. Once the gold award is reached, the children have the ultimate challenge of completing ‘top and super’ frog. In order for the children to improve their mental maths, they need to be practising at home regularly. We hope they enjoy the challenge!
Leapfrog Order – Prior to starting Leapfrog in Year 1 even smaller number facts will be given.
|1. Number facts within small numbers (numicon support)||6. Tadpole test and award||11. 3x||16. 7x||21. Top Frog|
|2. Number facts within small numbers (mentally)||7. 2x||12. 6x||17. 9x||22. Super Frog|
|3. Frogspawn test and award||8. 10x||13. 4x||18. 11x|
|4. Number bonds to 10||9. 5x||14. 8x||19. 12x|
|5. Addition / Subtraction facts within 20||10. Bronze test and award||15. Silver test and award||20. Gold test and award|
Before starting the Leapfrog system, year 1 will be completing simple addition and subtraction facts within small numbers. They will choose some small numbers and use them as ‘numbers of the week’. The children will work with these numbers and explore all of the different combinations that make that number.
e.g. The number 5
- 4+ 1 = 5
- 1 + 4 = 5
- 2 + 3 = 5
- 3+ 2 =5
- 8 – 3 = 5
- 7 – 2 = 5